Cleaning Sound

Improving the quality of sound recordings in post production can be done in Final Cut Pro X, by using the audio functions in the inspection window. If this does not work you can try cleaning hiss, electrical hum or air conditioning noise in a program called Audacity. This can make your sound more even over the edits by removing background noises. This video will show you how.

YouTube Preview Image

Be aware that not all sound can be cleaned nor all noises removed. You should always do your best to record sound in a location with no background noises and monitor recording levels using head phones and checking recording after each recording by playing back.

 

Lighting

Shooting in Low Light:

YouTube Preview Image YouTube Preview Image

Shooting day for night:

YouTube Preview Image

Traditionally, cinematographers and DOPs (Director of Photography) use three types of light source – Key, Fill and Back (sometimes called rim light or hair light).

When used together we call it three point lighting. The position of the lights will vary depending on what kind of effect you are going for and you are encouraged to experiment with how you light your subjects and your scenes. Here are some basic guidelines:

Basic Three point light set up:

Fig-8.4

Here is how it looks:

project4_3-PointLighting

High Key light:

high key

million_dollar_baby

Low Key Light

film_noir_0013

Rear window

Back Light

freddy-loves-his-backlighting_gallery_primary-2j32qcp2

 

 

Script Writing Formatting

YouTube Preview Image

A screen play needs to be in a format everyone understands and is used by crew and actors during rehearsal and on the set. Screenplays are written in a particular format to make them easily readable.

When writing a screenplay, you need to follow some fundamental rules to ensure it’s easy to read:

  • traditionally screenplays are written using the font Courier
  • use at least size twelve
  • begin every scene with a slugline
  • write character names, important props and sound effects in capital letters.

http://www.oscars.org/sites/default/files/scriptsample.pdf

Cinematography Basics

 

 

apps_ss_iso_chart

Here are the three exposure settings on your camera which will help you control the light when shooting. NOTE: they also control depth of field, motion blur and crispness and film grain – or image noise.

How to avoid image noise or grain when using the CANON VIXIA – as there is no ISO setting  you have to AUTO GAIN CONTROL 

Screen Shot 2015-01-27 at 9.48.04 AM

White Balance

White Balance is all about colour temperature. Different kinds of light have different colours so you need to change your the white balance on your camera depending on the light in your location.

WB

Although the AWB  (auto white balance) on the DSLR is pretty good it is always better if you can custom set the white balance for your location manually. This video shows you how. You can use a white piece of paper. Always change your white balance when you change your location as the light colour temperature will change. 

YouTube Preview Image

Here are some videos to help you improve your cinematography skills.

Ignore the accent – the advice is good!

Depth of Field

Controlling Depth of Field, focus and sharpness of image. This will also help you when you are trying to focus during Camera Movements.

YouTube Preview Image

Aperture image

Shooting in Low Light Conditions

YouTube Preview Image

Remember the 4 Rules of Filming in Low light:

1 – ISO – Highest setting should be 1600 to avoid grain.Do some test shots at 800 and 1600 and see how they look on your computer – hard to see grain on camera screen.

2- Shutter Speed between 1/30 and 1/50. 

3. Aperture – 1.2 – 5.6

4. Reduce the Contrast on your camera. Do this on Cannon D600 by going to Menu – picture style, choose a style press ‘info’ button and lowering the scale right down.

 

Story boarding

kenneth_chan_storyboard001

Story Boarding Tips

Planning you film is arguably the most important part of the whole process. Though storyboarding is not compulsory it helps you to think visually and make sure that every member of your crew is working towards the same cinematic goals.

 

Here’s how storyboards work in the movies:

YouTube Preview Image

Story boarding is not easy, especially if you are not a confident artist. Here are some resources to help you make the most of your storyboards.

YouTube Preview Image YouTube Preview Image

Tips from Dreamworks

Storyboard basics

Post it note Storyboards