Cinematography Basics




Here are the three exposure settings on your camera which will help you control the light when shooting. NOTE: they also control depth of field, motion blur and crispness and film grain – or image noise.

How to avoid image noise or grain when using the CANON VIXIA – as there is no ISO setting  you have to AUTO GAIN CONTROL 

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White Balance

White Balance is all about colour temperature. Different kinds of light have different colours so you need to change your the white balance on your camera depending on the light in your location.


Although the AWB  (auto white balance) on the DSLR is pretty good it is always better if you can custom set the white balance for your location manually. This video shows you how. You can use a white piece of paper. Always change your white balance when you change your location as the light colour temperature will change. 


Here are some videos to help you improve your cinematography skills.

Ignore the accent – the advice is good!

Depth of Field

Controlling Depth of Field, focus and sharpness of image. This will also help you when you are trying to focus during Camera Movements.


Aperture image

Shooting in Low Light Conditions


Remember the 4 Rules of Filming in Low light:

1 – ISO – Highest setting should be 1600 to avoid grain.Do some test shots at 800 and 1600 and see how they look on your computer – hard to see grain on camera screen.

2- Shutter Speed between 1/30 and 1/50. 

3. Aperture – 1.2 – 5.6

4. Reduce the Contrast on your camera. Do this on Cannon D600 by going to Menu – picture style, choose a style press ‘info’ button and lowering the scale right down.